There are a wide variety of treatments for the various types of corneal conditions. These include medicated eye drops, procedures, and surgery. Dr. Anjali Badami and the team at Washington Eye Specialists have extensive knowledge in several state-of-the-art corneal procedures. They include the following:
This surgery removes the growth of the conjunctiva that extends from the corner of the eye onto the cornea. The surgeon replaces the growth with healthy tissue from the patient’s own eye that is either stitched or glued into place. With newer techniques, recovery is fast, and there is a low rate of pterygium recurrence.
ProKera, AmbioDisk, And Aril
ProKera, AmbioDisk, and Aril are types of amniotic membrane tissue used to promote healing of eye surface wounds. They also reduce scarring and inflammation. They can be safely and effectively applied to the cornea at our office.
Corneal Transplant Surgery
If the cornea cannot be healed or repaired with medications or other procedures, you may need a cornea transplant. Depending on the severity of the problem, part or all the diseased cornea is removed. The diseased cornea is then replaced with healthy corneal tissue. The healthy corneal tissue comes from a deceased person who has pledged to donate their organs before death. Donated tissue is tested thoroughly before surgery.
The types of corneal transplant surgery performed at Washington Eye Specialists includes:
- Penetrating Keratoplasty - this involves removing the entire damaged cornea. The cornea gets replaced with a new, healthy cornea.
- Descemet’s Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSEK) - this is a partial transplant. DSEK is specifically for patients with damage to the endothelium (innermost layer) of the cornea. The Descemet’s membrane is part of the deep endothelial layer of the cornea. This procedure removes damaged cells from the Descemet’s membrane. After removing damaged cells, they are then replaced with healthy endothelial tissue. It is a less invasive surgery with a faster visual recovery.
- Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK) - this is another type of partial thickness corneal transplant, but uses an even thinner tissue transplant than DSEK to replace only the damaged endothelial layer of the cornea. This technique allows for decreased rejection rates and faster visual recovery.